Anton Chekhov (1860-1904) was a Russian physician, writer and dramatist. Considered by many to be the most important short-story writer of all time, his prose works have had a lasting influence on the development of literature. His dramatic work is equally highly rated.
Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821-1881) is a Russian novelist. Of his eleven novels, his three most famous were written later in life: ‘Crime and Punishment’, ‘The Idiot’ and ‘The Brothers Karamazov’. His books have been translated into over 170 languages, and have sold over 15 million copies.
Nikolay Vasilievich Gogol (1809 – 1852) was a Russian dramatist, novelist and short-story writer, whose satirical works on Russian life in general, and political corruption in particular eventually led to his exile. His best works, including ‘Dead Souls’ and ‘The Nose’, make him one of the funniest, yet profound, writers in literature.
Leo Tolstoy (1828 -1910) is one of the major figures in world literature, and ‘War and Peace’ is in contention to be considered the greatest novel ever written. But this is only one of his memorable works: ‘Anna Karenina’ certainly equals it in popularity, and his shorter works, such as ‘The Death of Ivan Ilyich’ are considered excellent.
Ivan Turgenev (1818 -1883) was the first Russian author to achieve international fame, and is ranked with Tolstoy and Dostoevsky as the three great Russian novelists of the nineteenth century. ‘Fathers and Sons’ is his most enduring work.